Cupids Health

larabar aflatoxins peanuts cookie bar.



inherent dangerous in aflatoxins by not (dry roasting?) raw peanuts show in picture. actually, storage is key, and pressure cooking before adding.
Aflatoxins are toxins produced by the mold Aspergillus flavus that can grow on pet food ingredients such as corn, peanuts, and other grains. At high levels, aflatoxins can cause illness (aflatoxicosis), liver damage, and death in pets. The toxins can be present even if there is no visible mold on the pet food.Jan 8, 2021
What are aflatoxins?
Aflatoxins are a family of toxins produced by certain fungi that are found on agricultural crops such as maize (corn), peanuts, cottonseed, and tree nuts. The main fungi that produce aflatoxins are Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, which are abundant in warm and humid regions of the world. Aflatoxin-producing fungi can contaminate crops in the field, at harvest, and during storage.

How are people exposed to aflatoxins?
People can be exposed to aflatoxins by eating contaminated plant products (such as peanuts) or by consuming meat or dairy products from animals that ate contaminated feed. Farmers and other agricultural workers may be exposed by inhaling dust generated during the handling and processing of contaminated crops and feeds.

Which cancers are associated with exposure to aflatoxins?
Exposure to aflatoxins is associated with an increased risk of liver cancer.

How can aflatoxin exposure be reduced?
You can reduce your aflatoxin exposure by buying only major commercial brands of nuts and nut butters and by discarding nuts that look moldy, discolored, or shriveled. To help minimize risk, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tests foods that may contain aflatoxins, such as peanuts and peanut butter. To date, no outbreak of human illness caused by aflatoxins has been reported in the United States, but such outbreaks have occurred in some developing countries.

Selected References
Food and Drug Administration. Bad Bug Book, Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins, Second Edition. Laurel, MD: Food and Drug Administration, 2012. Also available online. Last accessed December 28, 2018.
International Agency for Research on Cancer. Aflatoxins, IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Volume 100F. Lyon, France: World Health Organization, 2012. Also available onlineExit Disclaimer. Last accessed December 28, 2018.
National Center for Environmental Health. Aflatoxins, Understanding Chemical Exposures. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012. Also available online. Last accessed December 28, 2018.
National Toxicology Program. Aflatoxins, Report on Carcinogens, Fourteenth Edition. Triangle Park, NC: National Institute of Environmental Health and Safety, 2016. Also available online. Last accessed December 28, 2018.
U.S. Department of Agriculture Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration. Microtoxin Handbook. Washington, DC: Federal Grain Inspection Service, 2015. Also available online. Last accessed December 28, 2018.
Related Resources
Aflatoxin: An Old Carcinogen Teaches Us New Tricks (Videocast)
Agricultural Health Study
Updated: December 28, 2018
If you would like to reproduce some or all of this content, see Reuse of NCI Information for guidance about copyright and permissions. In the case of permitted digital reproduction, please credit the National Cancer Institute as the source and link to the original NCI product using the original product’s title; e.g., “Aflatoxins was originally published by the National Cancer Institute.”
Aflatoxins are poisonous, cancer-causing agents produced by molds that grow in soil, as well as in other decaying hay, grains, and vegetation that is brought to decompose as a result of improper storage. According to the Cornell University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, “the occurrence of aflatoxins is influenced by certain environmental factors; hence the extent of contamination will vary with geographic location, agricultural and agronomic practices, and the susceptibility of commodities to fungal invasion during pre-harvest, storage, and/or processing periods. Aflatoxins have received greater attention than any other mycotoxins because of their demonstrated potent carcinogenic effect in susceptible laboratory animals and their acute toxicological effects in humans.”
A better, less invasive approach is to only buy nut butters from mass manufacturers (which is sad, we know, because we prefer to buy small-batch, local products when we can). Because bigger peanut butter manufacturers are highly regulated, the likelihood of a contaminated peanut crop making into the final product is less likely. (The FDA has established specific guidelines on acceptable levels of aflatoxins in human food and animal feed by establishing action levels that allow for the removal of violative lots from commerce.)

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