HIV Can Lead to What Diseases ?
When left untreated, HIV can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which is a collection of symptoms and infections resulting from very weak immune function. AIDS is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.
HIV weakens the immune system by attacking and killing CD4 cells, which are a type of white blood cell that helps the body fight off infections. As the number of CD4 cells decreases, the body becomes more susceptible to infections and certain types of cancers.
Some of the infections and diseases that can occur as a result of HIV/AIDS include:
1. Opportunistic infections: These are infections that occur when the immune system is weakened and the body is unable to fight off infections that it would normally be able to. Examples include pneumonia, tuberculosis, and cytomegalovirus (CMV).
2. Cancer: People with HIV/AIDS have an increased risk of certain types of cancer, such as Kaposi’s sarcoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
3. Neurological disorders: HIV can also lead to neurological problems such as cognitive impairment, memory loss, and changes in mood or behavior.
It is important to note that HIV can be managed with antiretroviral therapy (ART), which helps to suppress the virus and prevent the progression of HIV to AIDS. With proper treatment, people with HIV can live long and healthy lives.
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