Researchers found that eating foods containing gluten during the third trimester did not affect whether a baby would get type-1 diabetes or not.
The food that pregnant women consume during the latter part of pregnancy is not related to a child’s development of type-1 diabetes, according to a new study. Therefore, while an expecting woman needs to continue to eat healthy during pregnancy for both herself and her baby, what she eats during the third trimester is not going to contribute to the little one having problems with insulin production as he ages.
Researchers from the United States, Finland, Germany, and Sweden found that eating a diet high in gluten-filled foods during the last few months of pregnancy did not contribute to children developing type-1 diabetes.
The study, which was published in the journal, Diabetologia, found that while there may be contributing factors in the maternal diet that could increase the risk for development of diabetes in children as they age, consuming gluten-filled food was not one of those risks.
Knowing this information is important because the number of children diagnosed with prediabetes and type-1 diabetes has been on the rise for decades. And sadly, toddler-aged children are included in this group, according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Treating prediabetes in toddlers is especially important as the earlier the treatment begins, the less damage is done to the kidneys over time. Therefore, if a toddler is presenting with a sudden, unquenchable thirst, a hunger that never seems to be satisfied, is excessively tired, breathes heavily without exertion, and/or has a diaper rash regardless of treatment, according to Rock the Baby Bump, prediabetes could be afoot.
Researchers were able to determine that eating foods containing gluten were not the culprit of prediabetes or type-1 diabetes in children by reviewing data from The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) observation study.
According to the American Journal of Managed Care, part of the TEDDY study looks at “environmental triggers during late pregnancy and infancy, including duration of breastfeeding and timing of complementary food introduction, are closely monitored.”
Those involved in the study are followed from birth to 15 years of age and live in United States, Finland, Germany, and Sweden.
Maternal food consumption during late pregnancy and offspring risk of islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes – PubMed https://t.co/BTR9VLu7PA
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Researchers reviewed the information on over 21,500 infants from 2004 to 2010. In conjunction with screening the children for prediabetes and type-1 diabetes, researchers also asked mothers to answer a questionnaire regarding their food choices in the last few months of pregnancy.
In 2019, 791 cases of prediabetes and 328 cases of type-1 diabetes were diagnosed in the group of children, per the study. While the mothers in all countries ate very different foods, none were found to have passed along any diabetic traits with the carbohydrate-rich diet they consumed.
The researchers did point out that this study was third trimester-specific only. As such, whether there would have been a change to the number of cases of prediabetes and type-1 diagnosed had diet been changed during the second trimester is unclear.
While the results of the study proved that eating food that contained gluten did not contribute to prediabetes or type-1 diabetes in children, those who are expecting should still strive to eat a balanced diet throughout pregnancy. This way, not only are they setting themselves up for a healthy pregnancy but giving their babies the best chances of starting their life on a healthy food as well.
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